A Meniscus Tear is a common knee injury. The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc which cushions the knee. Each knee has two menisci, one at the outer edge of the knee and the other one at the inner edge. The menisci help to keep the knee steady by balancing the body weight across the knee. A torn meniscus can prevent the knee from proper functioning.
The most common signs and symptoms of a torn meniscus are knee pain particularly along the joint line and swelling. Another typical complaint is joint locking, where the affected person is unable to straighten the leg fully. This can be accompanied by a clicking feeling. Sometimes, a meniscal tear also causes a sensation that the knee gives way.
The doctor will ask about all the past injuries and what were the activities which lead to knee pain. A physical exam will help the doctor find out if a torn meniscus is the cause of your pain. The doctor will look at both knees and check for tenderness, range of motion, and how stable the knee is. X-rays are also usually taken.
You may need to meet with an orthopedic surgeon for more testing. These tests may include an MRI scan, which can give a clear picture of where a tear is and how serious it is.
How the doctor treats meniscus tear depends on several things, such as the type of tear, where it is, and how serious it is. The age of the patient and how active they are may also affect the treatment choices.
The treatment may include:
- Adequate rest, cool pack, wrapping the knee with an elastic bandage and propping up the leg on pillows.
- Surgery to repair the meniscus.
- Physical therapy.
- Surgery to remove part of the meniscus.
Dr. Bharani Kumar is one of the most recommended orthopedician in Chennai, India. His treatment commences only after the complete diagnosis of the problem and also offers right care at the right time.
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